Gait characterization via pulse-Doppler radar
Smart Environments to Enhance Health Care
Yardibi, T., Cuddihy, P., Genc, S., Bufi, C., Skubic, M., Rantz, M., Liu, L., & Phillips II, C.
Falls are a major cause of injury in the elderly with almost 1/3rd of people aged 65 and more falling each year. This work aims to use gait measurements from everyday living environments to estimate risk of falling and enable improved interventions. For this purpose, we consider the use of low-cost pulse-Doppler range control radar. These radars can continuously acquire data during normal activity of a person in night and day conditions and even in the presence of obstructing furniture. A short-time Fourier transform of the radar data reveals unique Doppler signatures from the torso motion and the leg swings. Two algorithms that can extract these features from the radar spectrogram are proposed in this study for estimating gait velocity and stride durations. The performance of the proposed radar system is evaluated with an extensive set of experimental data, which consists of 9 different walk types and a total of 27 separate tests. A high accuracy motion-capture camera system has also been used to acquire data simultaneously with the radar and provides the ground truth reference. Results indicate that the proposed radar system is a viable candidate for gait characterization and can be used to accurately track mean gait velocity, mean stride duration and stride duration variability. The gait velocity variability can also be estimated but with relatively larger error levels.
Yardibi, T., Cuddihy, P., Genc, S., Bufi, C., Skubic, M., Rantz, M., Liu, L., & Phillips II, C. (2011). Gait characterization via pulse-Doppler radar. Proceedings from the 9th Annual IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications: Workshop on Smart Environments to Enhance Health Care, Seattle, WA, March 21-25, 2011, pp. 662-667. International * (Refereed)